In April 2021, scientists announced the discovery of an exoplanet called WASP 1976b.
The Wasp Exoplanet is a gas giant in the solar system that is located almost perfectly similar to our own Sun. It is believed that it is a habitable planet and has many potentials for life. The name Wasp comes from the Wasp flower, which is only found on this star and is the most expensive flower in the world, by far.
The latest discovery of a Wasp Exoplanet was announced today by a team of astronomers at the Institute of Astronomy, University of Paris.
The exoplanet, also known as Jupiter-like planet, is believed to be an extremely hot Jupiter like planet. The planet is so warm that many gases can be vaporized at its day side, condense on the nighttime side, and fall like snow in the cold atmosphere. This discovery is exciting for those who understand the workings of planetary atmospheres.
WASP 1976b is approximately 4 times more massive than Earth. It is thought to be a gas giant planet. It is approximately half the size of the planet Earth and is composed of two separate components; a rocky, metal composition with a thick oxygen content and a solid core made up of rock ice (ice). The planet’s moon also has a substantial amount of water vapor in it.
WASP 1976b was discovered by a group of researchers led by Dr. Yifan Yang of JPL. Dr. Yang and his team made the discovery using data obtained by NASA’s THEMES satellite. They were able to measure the planet’s wobble and measured the planet’s radial velocities. They discovered that the planet was moving about twice as fast as the sun. This is very fast for a planet in a solar system and is very unusual. Previous studies had suggested that WASP 1973b had a similar mass, but it was not a rocky planet and did not have a solid core.
A paper was published about this discovery in the journal Nature. There are several exoplanets that appear similar to WASP-12b and therefore it was hoped that this discovery would confirm a theory regarding the composition of these other planets. The study used data from a variety of instruments to determine the planet’s composition and was able to confirm that it was indeed a rocky planet in its solar system. It is very similar to Earth but has more water and a gaseous component to it. This study also showed that the star’s unusual motion was caused by an unseen planet.
Another exoplanet similar to WASP-12b was discovered by the European Space Agency’s Planet Research Institute, via a telescope in Chile. WASP 107b has a mass about twice as much as Earth, making it one of the very largest planets around a star. It is approximately half as large as Jupiter, although it orbits much closer to its star. Scientists think this planet might be in a binary system, which means one of the planets revolves around the star very close to the planet, while the other bails out into space. It was hard for scientists to determine whether or not this system was alien in nature.
In addition to studying WASP-12b, JPL also studies another two hot Jupiter’s, Epsilon Eridani and Sigma Vagator. These two planets, like WASP-12b, have many similar characteristics, such as they are extremely hot, they are gas giant planets, and they have small radii. As well, both of these planets are very close to their stars, with their mean separation being only 5 astronomical units. Both Epsilon Eridani and Sigma Vagator are significantly smaller than WASP-12b, which is interesting since it shows that they are much closer to their star, which could mean that their processes of heating and cooling could be very different.
One of the first planets found that has a similar mass as WASP-12b is called Epsilon Eridani b. It is only half as massive, which makes it much easier to detect than wasps like WASP-12b, but it is a gas giant planet too. Furthermore, Epsilon Eridani b is the third planet from the star Betelgeuse and it is extremely hot (an estimated 1.7 times hotter than the sun). Its surface is cool, meaning that there is not a large amount of water on it is tidily-suited for life. In fact, Epsilon Eridani b could be the first completely water-free planet outside of our solar system.
The third planet from the starboard side of the system, J Jupiter-like planet WASP-12b also has some similarities to Epsilani B, but it has a very solid core. This makes it a nice target for studies because it is very different from other planets that have a relatively solid core (i.e., icy, rocky, or silicate). Moreover, this star, which is nearly as faint as Epsilani, is much easier to detect by telescopes compared to the other two. Some astronomers even suggest that WASP-12b could be a possible “test case” for the formation of planets in the solar system’s outer regions. It orbits very close to its sister planet, Epsilani, and it receives four times more radiation from the star than it does from Jupiter.
Exotic Planets – How Many Exoplanets Are There?
When a planetary system comes into its own, like our own Solar System did, and starts to wobble, then it’s considered to be an exoplanet. Now, the most probable formation of these is in the outer reaches of “an coma”, where they don’t interact with other matter and gravity. So, how many exoplanets are there? Well, if you took into consideration the numberless stars in our galaxy alone, plus the possibility that some of these exoplanets could be quite massive, you’d realize that there are literally billions upon billions of potentially habitable exoplanets out in space.
How many exoplanets have been discovered?
Over half a billion – yes, half a billion – and this is pretty exciting. And just to give you an idea, what kind of planets are we looking at, including the latest discovery, the rocky planetoid Sedna. Sedna is currently considered to be one of the very first habitable planets in the solar system, which was discovered by the Wide Range Earth Planet Search.
There are an endless amount of them and microbial organisms out in space because they could provide a home for many of those life forms. If you go back far enough, the first life on earth was due to a combination of viral evolution, the bits of primordial matter, and Earth’s crust. So, just because we’ve found several of these planets that are extremely Earth-like. It doesn’t mean that there can’t be other habitable ones out there. That’s because there’s an infinite number of Earth-like places that have yet to be discovered.
There is a lot of scientific research that points to the solar system having multiple habitable planets. Many scientists believe that there may be a large planet like Earth 2.0 circling around a hot star within our solar system. With the help of NASA and others, we should be able to find a suitable planet system around the very first star in the catalog. The presence of water would not come as a surprise to most people – after all, we know that Earth contains a lot of water.
However, the discovery of this planet orbiting a very popular star was made possible by a different method. During a study using the habitable planets approach, it was discovered that there are a lot of very cold, extremely cool exosolar systems with low to no gases in the system. This would seem to rule out the idea of an Earth-like planets there – which is what many researchers were originally going for.
It is because of these results that astronomers are now taking a completely new look at the possibility of finding planets outside of our solar system. There are several different techniques that have been developed over the last few years, including radial velocity, the transit method, and glial oscillations. A recent study performed by a team of astronomers from the European Astronomy Institute, the Institute of Physics, University of Geneva used one of the latter techniques and was able to confirm that a very massive planet, also known as a hot Jupiter, existed around a very similar star.
Using the transit method, this was confirmed – the transit method relies on the star’s motion, and the astronomers were able to map the star’s motion back to the nearest star within the system, allowing them to see the exact positions of the exoplanets orbiting around it.
This discovery of a potentially Earth-like planet, also called Pegasi b, marks the first time that such close physical characteristics can be observed around a star with a habitable zone. This is important because the existence of other planets in our solar system has proven that our solar system is not unique. Therefore, if there are exoplanets that orbit around very similar stars, then there is a strong possibility that there could be life as we know it. As discussed earlier, Pegasi b is just one of many exoskeletons that could potentially provide the answer to the question how many exoplanets are there.
However, with the help of NASA’s New Earth program, we will soon be able to discover additional exoplanets that could potentially support life.
Provided by Antonio Westley
Disclaimer: This article is meant to be seen as an overview of this subject and not a reflection of viewpoints or opinions as nothing is definitive. So, make sure to do your research and feel free to use this information at your own discretion.